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What Is Hail?

Hail is a form of solid precipitation where frozen rain forms into layered pellets and falls in showers from cumulonimbus clouds. The individual balls or irregular lumps of ice are referred to as hailstones. Although ice is generally associated with cold temperatures, that is not true for the formation of hail. Hail is possible within two nautical miles of the parent storm in any thunderstorm.

Hail damage is a deceptive and serious threat to property owners throughout the U.S. and abroad, causing in excess of $1 billion in damages to property and crops each year. Even the smallest hail can cause damage to young plantings. To add insult to injury, hailstones fall at higher speeds as they grow in size. Some can fall as fast as 100 mph and contain foreign matter.

Where Is Hail Damage Most Common?

If you live in an area prone to severe weather and have a low slope or flat roof with asphalt shingles, you are in the high risk for hail damage category. The good news is that most business and individual homeowner’s policies cover hail damage.

In the United States, hail is most prevalent where Colorado, Nebraska and Wyoming meet; an area coined Hail Alley. Cheyenne, Wyoming ranks as the number one most prone city in the United States for a hailstorm.

When Is Hail Damage A Significant Risk?

Hail falls many times a year and has real potential to cause severe hail damage. Aircraft, automobiles, and crops are all vulnerable to hail, which can severely dent, shatter and conceivably even demolish assets. Many significant hail claims result from roof damage. Roof insurance claims require knowledge about roof construction and the history of the roof in question.

Hailstorm claims, as well as other natural disaster claims, are on the rise as population density and development increases all over the nation. At the same time, more insurance companies appear to deny these claims.


Tips for Ensuring Adequate Payments from an Insurer to Properly Replace a Hail Damaged Roof:

  1. Immediately notify the carrier of all damage.
  2. Inform the insurance adjuster that an expert needs to determine the condition of the entire roof system, in addition to areas immediately visible.
  3. Review the property insurance policy to determine which provisions may apply to the damage. If a complete copy of the policy is not available, make a written request to the adjuster to obtain a complete certified copy of the policy (including all endorsements) as soon as possible.
  4. Retain an expert in roof repair and replacement to perform non-destructive testing in conjunction with core cuts to determine if the damaged top layer (i.e., EPDM, TPO, Built-Up, Modified Bitumen, shake shingles, asphalt shingles) can be replaced with or without additional work to substrate, insulation, sheathing or decking based on code and manufacturer specifications for repair/replacement.
  5. Document everything including test results, photos of all substrate layers down to the roof deck, and the expert’s findings/conclusions.
  6. Provide the adjuster with maintenance records, which may show the roof functioned properly until the date of loss.
  7. If your expert/roofing contractor determines any substrate, including the structural deck, must also be repaired or replaced in order to put the roof back to its pre-loss condition and functionality, immediately provide this information.

If your hail insurance claim is being delayed, denied or underpaid, please contact the attorneys at Merlin Law Group for assistance. We provide policyholders with a free consultation. Call toll-free, anywhere in the nation at 877-449-4700.

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